PMS Specialist

Old Farm Obstetrics & Gynecology

OB-GYNs & Advanced Laparoscopic Surgeons located in Salt Lake City, UT

Premenstrual syndrome can cause a host of unpleasant symptoms for many women. The physicians at Old Farm Obstetrics and Gynecology are skilled at helping women in and around Salt Lake City, UT, manage PMS symptoms so they can avoid issues like moodiness and cramping and lead more comfortable and happier lives.

PMS - Q&A

What are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome?

Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, causes an array of symptoms that can vary from one woman to the next. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Mood changes
  • Headache
  • Cramps
  • Breast tenderness
  • Backache
  • Insomnia
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Food cravings
  • Bloating and water retention
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Acne breakouts

Some women may have severe symptoms or symptoms that occur before every period while other women may experience very few symptoms or experience them only every so often. Most symptoms resolve at least partially a few days after a woman's period begins.

Why does PMS occur?

PMS symptoms are a direct result of the hormonal fluctuations associated with menstruation and ovulation. Researchers believe these changes may also be linked to fluctuations in levels of some brain chemicals that influence mood, including serotonin, causing problems like irritability, sadness or other mood changes.

How is PMS treated?

There is no “cure” for PMS, but there are treatments that can relieve or even eliminate certain symptoms in some women. Oral contraceptives can be especially effective in balancing and stabilizing levels of estrogen and progesterone throughout a woman's menstrual cycle, helping her avoid many symptoms that arise as a result of major fluctuations in hormone levels. Pain relievers and even anti-depressant medications may help with some other symptoms. Some women may benefit from lifestyle changes like reducing sodium consumption shortly before a period is about to begin to reduce bloating or altering meal habits to avoid bowel-related problems. Yoga and meditation may also aid in reducing stress.

How can a gynecologist help me manage my PMS?

A gynecologist is skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of PMS and all its symptoms. While some symptoms may resolve with self-care and lifestyle changes, many symptoms require prescription medications or they may be related to other underlying conditions that require treatment. Being evaluated by a doctor is important to ensure PMS symptoms are properly managed.